Zebra Danio Fish (ZebraFish) – Care, Tank Mates, Feeding & Details!

Zebra Danio Fish is a tiny freshwater species that is also known as the striped Danio or Zebra fish. Zebra Danios are one of the most prominent freshwater species in the aquarium industry, and their look has been deliberately cultivated and genetically manipulated.

Quick Stats

Scientific name: Danio rerio
Common names: Easy
Distribution: India, Bangladesh, Bhutan
Size: 1.5–2.5 inches
Life expectancy: 3–5 years
Color: Various colors including blue, green, red, purple, orange; black and white stripes
Diet: Omnivore
Temperament: Peaceful, playful
Minimum tank size: 10 gallons
Temperature: 64–77°F (18–25°C)
pH: 6.8–8.0
Hardness: 5–19 dGH
Care level: Easy
Breeding: Egg layer

General Information

Freshwater fish enthusiasts prefer Zebra danios because they are easy to handle. They are also great pets and easy to raise of egg layers. These fish are easily identified by their nicely patterned, black and white zebra-patterned fins.

Zebra Danios are quite resistant, surviving in a wide context of water temperatures and climates. They come in a variety of patterns and, as a shoaling breed, they provide a lot of variety and liveliness to your tank.

Zebra Danios were once supposed to have evolved from a surrounding region extending from Myanmar in the east to Pakistan in the west; nevertheless, the current belief is that this breed is restricted to regions of India and Bangladesh.

Since zebras are cheap and simple to raise, practically all Zebra Danios offered in the aquarium industry are now captive-bred. Although commercial genetics has resulted in an abundant and unrestricted availability of this species, it has also culminated in a species that is less resilient than its wild counterpart is.

Zebra Danios can survive without the need for a hot water system in most cases because they are tolerant in temperatures as low as the low 60s F. Unlike most freshwater fish, they mate for life with their spawning mate. It is essential to have an understanding of Zebra Danios. Following are the tips for its good care.

Care and Habitat of Zebra Danio Fish

Zebra Danios are mostly surface-dwelling species that prefer to swim in fast-moving water. This species, which is scientifically classified as a cooler fish, requires water temperatures between 64 and 75 degrees Celsius.

They will, however, adjust to a variety of water conditions. They become more prone to sickness if water temperatures are kept too low.

Zebras Danios are very energetic creatures, they will travel in the whole tank. Provide them with soft lighting and an extensive swimming area with greenery on the habitat’s boundary.

A darker substrate will help to highlight the colors of these species while also providing the ecosystem with a more relaxed appearance.

Tank Requirements for Zebra Danio Fish

In the environment, Zebra Danios can be found in a wide range of habitats, but they wish to remain in water with a modest amount of power. Nevertheless, since the bulk of Zebra Danios live in tanks presently, they are quite robust and can live and even flourish in almost any environment.

From India and Bangladesh to Bhutan, the Zebra Danio can be grown in tropical and subtropical climates. Temperatures can range from 77 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit in the summer, although this will fall in the winter.

Zebra Danios may remain in aquariums as little as five gallons due to their compact size, but because they are a communal species and can be energetic at times, they are particularly fit wider and livelier aquariums.

Zebra Danios should be kept in a pond that is at least 10 gallons in capacity, and preferably larger. Since Zebra fish enjoy swimming, putting them in a bigger tank will benefit them.

Since Zebra danios are swarming fish, they must be fed in batches of at least five. If the quantities of schooling species are too minimal, they might get agitated and exhibit signs such as hostility against other tank companions and a reduction of nutrition, like with most other schooling fish.

As Zebra Danios are known to be jumpers, it is recommended to keep your tank topped at all times if you would not want to arrive back to a school of rotten fish on your ground.

You will most likely have a lot of happy zebra danios if you give them plenty of space to swim over in and a nice stream for them to adore.

Food & Nutrition of Zebra Danio Fish

Zebra Danio Fish are omnivores, suggesting they eat nearly anything. They prefer smaller, fresh or refrigerated insects and fresh vegetable food, despite their undemanding diet.

Zebra Danios, being the robust tiny fish that they are, aren’t messy eaters. They’ll consume almost everything you put in front of them.

Nevertheless, as purpose is to keep them as healthy and strong as feasible, it’s always a good idea to try to mimic the food they’d eat in nature, which would consist of a bunch of small bugs, larvae, algae, and crab.

Not everyone has the economic means or the willingness to bring their fish only fresh foods, so a decent quality powder food would also work. However, complimenting their meal with fresh or frozen things on occasion is necessary.

Frequent intake of red worms and black insects, shellfish and larvae, and even flightless flies are all amazing live meals.

The amount of food you give your fish depends on how many fish you have in your tank. Serve them small teaspoonful meals a few times a day that they can be swallowed in under three minutes.

Breeding of Zebra Danios

Females have 2 sets of rings and the same stripes as males, but females are typically bigger. Males are slenderer and thinner than females. Male zebras have a more torpedo-shaped body, whilst females have a bigger stomach. When a female’s belly expands with eggs, it is more full-bodied than that of a male.

If you’re unfamiliar with the field of fishkeeping and would like to take your chance at spawning, Zebra Danios are perhaps the very first species most recommended.

They’re relatively simple to raise and are ideal for newcomers to acquire expertise with. Nevertheless, like with many species, appropriate instructions must be performed and certain circumstances must be fulfilled before your Zebra Danios will peacefully breed.

The procedures are straightforward, but they are all crucial. Splitting the men and females into separate containers is the first stage. The females are distinguished by their fat and rounder tummies, as opposed to the males’ longer, constricted bodies.

Segregate male from females and commence offering fresh foods or high-quality frozen meals to plump up the females and urge them to begin generating eggs. You’ll need to set up a private breeding aquarium that’s been thoroughly cleansed and has a deep bed of pebbles or stones.

These aren’t there for appearance; they’re there to keep the eggs from dropping between the holes and out of the grasp of the always anxious parents.

Zebra Danios devour their nests, so this phase is necessary if you wish to breed them efficiently. Throughout the breeding process, the breeding tank should be modestly maintained.

To avoid feeding on the newly hatched eggs, the parents must be withdrawn from the hatching container as quickly as possible after the original hatching. Within 48 hours after the babies have dropped to the bottom of the container, they should commence maturing.

A regimen of fluid or powdered fry ingredients can be provided to newly hatched fish.

Tank mates of Zebra Danios

The Zebra Danio’s compact size (less than two and a half inches) makes them perfect for a communal tank. Although Zebra Danios are a calm species who get along with most tank mates, they will pinch the spines of certain species.

Angelfish, bettas, and guppies with long-flowing fins are all viable targets for the energetic Zebra Danio. Barbs, corydoras catfish, roughly comparable gouramis, loaches, and swordtails are all possible tank mates.

Schools flourish in many variations, and singles should never be retained. They prosper best in groups of five or more of their own species. There is no squabbling in this fish’s schools, which can be structured and have a hierarchy system.

Pick tank mates with similar interests and the ability to keep up with this Zebra Danio’s brisk pace. In the presence of mellower fish who require a less frantic environment, they grow agitated.

Danios get along well with the following tank mates:

  • Swordtails Pleco
  • Corydoras Catfish
  • All Barbs
  • All Rainbows Gouramis Clown
  • Yoyo Loaches Swordtails Pleco
  • Corydoras Catfish
  • One shark, either a rainbow or a redtail

Zebra Danios, like many other species of Danios, are frequently employed as a diversion for more predatory fish. Their quick motions and ADHD-like demeanor are frequently enough to distract aggressive fish who are about to battle.


To conclude, Beginner and experienced fish keepers both might benefit from a school of Zebra Danios in their tanks. Their vivid colours and social hyperactivity would let you stand out while also providing charm to your pool.

Due to their lively swimming activity, these fish bring joy to everyone’s face. Although these resilient fish can survive lower density, it is critical to maintaining a high degree of sanitation when keeping any species to keep the tank hygienic and disease-free.

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