Rosy Barb (Puntius conchonius), also known as the red barb is a popular aquarium fish from the carp family. It is one of the most beautiful barbs from the Cyprinidae fish family.
The scales of rosy barb’s are cast in gold, so the ever-scurrying flock of these fish looks extremely impressive. Add to this the peaceful nature and good stamina and you have the perfect fish for aquarists of all skill levels.
Care Level: Easy
Color Form: Red/Pink
Lifespan: Up to 5 years
Size: Up to 6″
Minimum Tank Size: 30 Gallons
Tank Set-Up: Freshwater with plants and swimming space
Compatible: Peaceful community
In its color, the rosy barb is very similar to goldfish, however, the latter is much inferior to this species inactivity. The fish are perfect for those who like to observe the moving bright inhabitants in the aquarium.
The species was first described in 1822 by the Scottish scientist Francis Hamilton, but it did not get into amateur aquariums until the beginning of the 20th century.
Unlike many barbs, this species lives in the relatively cool water of 18-22 ° C. The color of individuals may vary depending on the geographic region in which the fish lives.
For example, the fishes that live in West Bengal are considered the brightest and most attractive. At present, rosy barbs are no longer caught in nature but bred on special farms.
Through the efforts of breeders, several variations have been obtained, differing in color intensity and fins length.
The rosy barbs have an oval body, elongated in length and flattened from the sides, is adapted for rapid swimming. The head is pointed and the antennas are absent.
In aquariums, the size usually does not exceed 7 cm, although natural individuals can grow up to 10-15 cm.
Body-color ranges from bright orange to pale pink, depending on the variety. Males have a greenish back.
The fins are red, often with a black border. There is a dark spot at the base of the forked caudal fin. There is a veiled form with highly developed fins.
The lifespan of an Rosy Barb in an aquarium is about 5 years.
The rosy barb lives in a fairly wide area in the east and north-east of India. Also, the fish can be found in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Afghanistan.
The barbs have taken root well in some countries, where it was artificially introduced – Singapore, Australia, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Colombia.
Habitat conditions vary greatly in different geographic regions. The red barbs can be found both in slowly flowing and almost stagnant bodies of water and in fast streams and tributaries of rivers.
Care and Maintenance
The red barb is a mobile schooling fish, this must be taken into account when planning an aquarium.
It is best if the number of individuals in the group is at least 8 pieces. It was noted that when kept outside the school, the level of aggression even in such peaceful fish increases significantly.
For a flock of barbs, an aquarium with a volume of 80 liters or more is well suited. There should be a lid on it because the overclocked barbs easily jump to the floor as they swim in all layers of water.
They do not have special requirements for the design, but they look best with natural decorations. Sand or dark fine soil can be placed on the bottom. It is recommended to install a few driftwood and stones and plant dense thickets of aquarium plants along the walls.
You can use any species, the fish are practically not interested in green spaces. Don’t forget to leave a place to swim for this active species.
The red barb loves dim light, so it will not be superfluous to put floating plants (pistia, riccia) onto the surface of the water.
The aquarium must be equipped with a filter. Barbs like the moderate current, which in turn stimulates the bright coloration of the males.
A compressor is installed to enrich the water with oxygen, but a thermostat may not be needed, because the fish prefer a water temperature of about 20 ° C. The issue of water cooling in summer is much more common.
Do not forget about the weekly water change – 30% of the volume of the aquarium.
Optimum water parameters for the content: T = 18-26 ° C, pH = 6.5-7.5, GH = 8-18.
Rosy Barb Tank Mates
The rosy barb is a peaceful but very active fish. It is important to remember: in a general aquarium, they must be kept in a flock.
It is not recommended to keep rosy barbs with fish that have long fins, barbs can bite them.
Large predatory cichlids like Oscar fish pose a danger to barbs, therefore it is also impossible to combine such fish.
Feeding Rosy Barb
Invertebrates are the best food for fish in the nature. The rosy barb will happily feast on insect larvae, worms, and mollusks. The diet includes tender branches of aquatic plants.
When keeping in home aquariums, it is recommended to opt for quality dry food. Unlike live or frozen, they contain essential nutrients and vitamins and are completely safe for fish.
The convenience of storage is also an important plus.
The following dry food is perfect for feeding the fire barbs:
- TetraPro Color – innovative chips made using gentle low-temperature technology, which allows you to retain even more nutrients in the feed. Contains a concentrate of natural color enhancers to make your pets even brighter. Due to the high digestibility of feed with regular feeding, the content of nitrates and phosphates (the main cause of algae) grows much more slowly.
- TetraMin is a universal food in flakes or granules for all types of ornamental fish. Made from more than 40 selected raw materials, it contains all the necessary nutrients and vitamins, as well as probiotics to improve the digestive tract.
It is necessary to feed barbs several times a day with a portion of feed, which will be eaten in a few minutes. Do not forget that fish are prone to overeating, so once a week give them a “fasting day”.
Reproduction and Breeding
The process of breeding barbs is quite simple. First of all, you need to choose the brightest and healthiest producers.
Unfortunately, this is difficult to do before the fish is sexually mature, which occurs at the age of 6-8 months.
By this time, barbs usually grow up to 6 cm in length. Males of this species are smaller in size, slimmer, and have a more intense color. The female has a fuller and more rounded abdomen.
The couple needs to be kept for several weeks and introduce more high-protein feed into the diet.
At this time, a spawning aquarium with a volume of about 10 liters is prepared with a water level of up to 15 cm.
A separator mesh is installed at the bottom because the fish do not show any concern for the offspring and will eat the eggs at any time.
When the female is ready, she and two males are kept in the spawning grounds in the morning.
Mating dances are not distinguished by sophistication, the male swims next to the female, spreading his fins, attracting her attention to himself.
The fecundity of the female supplies about 200-600 eggs. After spawning is complete, the producers are removed from the aquarium.
Next, you should carefully change 1/3 of the water in the aquarium, shade it and add a couple of drops of methylene blue so that the eggs are not damaged by the fungus.
The larvae hatch from the eggs after 1-2 days, and after another day they are capable of self-feeding.
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