Paradise fish is a very beautiful fish, a real gem for a home aquarium. The only problem with Paradise fish is their scathing temper, which can be solved by correctly selecting tank mates in the aquarium.
Habitat and Description
Paradise fish in the homeland prefer still water of ponds, rice fields, and gutters. Under natural conditions, fish can be found in Korea, Japan, China, Southeast Asia, and Taiwan.
Karl Linnaeus described the species in 1876; By popularity, the Only goldfish overtook them.
General Paradise Fish appearance parameters are as follows:
- The body is elongated, oblate on the sides, brightly colored.
- The fins are long, dorsal, and anal pointed. Abdominal ends with filiform tendrils. The tail is forked.
- The body length of males is about 10 cm, females – 8 cm.
- Color – broad bright red longitudinal stripes are located on a blue background with a pearly tint; the fins continue the color pattern of the body.
- Life expectancy, when properly maintained, is 5 to 8 years.
The male can be distinguished from the female by a brighter color and long fins.
Paradise Fish Varieties:
All paradise fish species are beautiful in their way.
The most popular of them:
Round-tailed Paradise: It differs in color with overflows of different colors. The tail is round, resembles a fan.
Red-backed: With a silver body and red stripes along the back. And also, red spots are present on the caudal and ventral fins.
Black Paradise: with silver tints on the scales, Their red eyes stand out brightly against a black background. In males, the edges of the fins are often bright blue.
Red Paradise: Compact fish with lush fins and a long sharp tail, painted, like the sides in a bright red color.
Albino Paradise: Milky color on which pale pink vertical stripes appear.
Blue Paradise: The body is a pale blue hue with pronounced stripes along the back.
Paradise Fish Tank Mates
Due to its lousy nature, picking up a paradise fish tank mates is somewhat tricky, but aggression can be avoided by keeping fish of different species. If the fish were raised alone, then options for peaceful coexistence with other species are excluded.
You cannot settle two males on the same territory (especially small). Otherwise, there will simply be deadly battles. You can keep a couple together, but for the female, You need to build more shelters.
Maintenance and Care
The maintenance of paradise fish does not take much time, they can live in a simple five-liter jar, but they will not grow to their natural size – the capacity is small.
Care must meet the following requirements:
- The aquarium for one pair must be at least 40 liters in volume. It should be covered with a lid or glass – the fish are very jumpy and can easily find themselves outside the aquarium. The distance from the water to the aquarium cover should be 6-8 cm.
- The temperature regime should be in the range of 20-26 degrees Celsius, but tenacious paradise calmly tolerates a drop in temperature to 16 degrees.
- Acidity 6.5-7.5.
- Hardness – 5-25.
- Aeration and filtration: Fish do not need ventilation. Like all labyrinths, these fishes also breathe air but still, Aquarium Filter is required. It is recommended to install an internal aquarium filter, setting its mode to a minimum so that water fluctuations are not too sharp—paradise fish likes stagnant water. A mandatory weekly water change is recommended, about 20% of the volume of the aquarium.
Priming: You can fill the bottom with river pebbles or coarse sand. Dark marble chips are also suitable; against its background, the fish will look brighter and more exotic. The height of the soil should not exceed 4 centimeters.
Lighting: It should not be too bright, usually use fluorescent lamps that attach to the lid of the aquarium. Light is needed for plants for active growth and fish so that the color always remains bright and attractive.
Plants: are planted in the background so that the fish can swim freely. Usually planted Ceratophyllum, Elodea, Vallisneria to females was where to hide from the harmful males. There must be free space on the surface of the water so that the fish can breathe.
The aquarium must contain live plants. For the decor, several artificial ones are added, as well as shells, castles, boats, decorative snags.
Paradise fish are omnivores, and feeding adults is not difficult. But the owner needs to keep in mind that these are still predators, so live, or frozen feeds should predominate in the diet:
- pipe maker;
- Drosophila flies;
- small crustaceans.
Fishes in the absence of live food feed well on the dry fortified feed. Infrequently they should be offered minced meat or fresh cucumber. They can also eat snails or planarians.
Feed twice a day in small portions. The main thing is not to overdo it. Predators should always be a little hungry.
The fish can breed as early as 8–9 months. For planned breeding, a small spawning aquarium is prepared in advance. 7-10 days before the landing of the females and males are separated and fed only with live food.
The male is the first to start in a day, make a water change (about a fifth of the total volume), raise the temperature to 26–29 degrees, and only then the female is placed.
The male and female begin mating games, and then, dad builds a nest from air bubbles and floating plants. Then invites the female for spawning. He gently helps his girlfriend by wrapping himself around her and squeezing out eggs, which he immediately fertilizes.
At one time, the female spawns up to 1 thousand small yellowish eggs, which dad collects and places in the nest. After this, the female should be immediately removed. Otherwise, she risks being crippled. Further, only the father takes care of the masonry.
Paradise Fish Fry
Fry appears after 24 hours and, after 3-4 days, become independent. Then the male is precipitated; he can eat or harm the fry if he feels danger.
Juveniles are fed with nematodes, microworms, artemia nauplii, alternating with the chicken and yolk. Typically, most of the eggs and fry die. Survivors are sorted and transplanted into a standard aquarium, leaving active fish with the correct body shape and bright color.
Frequent spawning is undesirable for the male; the fish may die from exhaustion. Throughout one’s life, Paradise fish is not recommended to be allowed to spawn more than three times in a row. To reduce the number of spawning in the aquarium, a strong current is created, and almost all vegetation is removed.
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