Panda Cory, also known as Panda corydoras, is one of the most liked fishes by aquarium hobbyists. It has not only a new name but also an unusual appearance.
These catfish are ideal for beginners who are fascinated with aquariums and aquarium fishes. Panda Cory is entirely undemanding in care, hardy, and very calm. This name was given to the species due to its external resemblance to a giant panda.
Panda Cory is a peaceful bottom-feeding catfish. Peru and Ecuador are considered to be their homeland and they live in neutral, sour, and transparent waters. The body of the fish has a high back; it is dense and is slightly compressed laterally.
This species has a light color with a slight pink tint. On the sides of the catfish, there are three black spots, and they are strictly in certain places, namely:
- around eyes;
- on the dorsal fin;
- near the caudal fin.
Large eyes are located on the head of Corydoras, and their mouth is situated a little lower. Their body is covered with small scales, and there are bone plates on the sides. There are three pairs of mustaches around the mouth of this aquatic creature.
With the help of them, they navigate in the water and get food. And for protection in front of the eyes and next to the dorsal fin, there are special sharp guards.
The average size of an adult fish is 5.5 cm, and in an aquarium, under favorable conditions and proper care, it can live up to 15 years.
Maintenance and Care
Panda Cory is an unpretentious fish, but it needs high-quality water with stable parameters. The water should be neutral or slightly acidic. It is advised to change almost 30% of the aquarium water once a week, and you should also ensure proper filtration and aeration in the aquarium.
During a water change, you need to clean the soil well from waste products and food debris.
The comfortable water temperature for this species is 22 degrees. The panda fish spend most of their time at the bottom of the aquarium, so special attention should be paid to the substrate. It should not be enormous and soft. For example, fine gravel or sand can be used as it.
These water inhabitants need to provide a sufficient number of shelters. Snags, coconut shells, and small pieces of clay pots are well suited for this, and they do not need aquarium plants.
Catfish love to swim in the shade – to create it, you can use various floating algae. But at the same time, it is essential that they have free access to the surface, as the fish breaths atmospheric oxygen.
Panda Corydoras love to rest on large smooth stones, so if possible, they should also be put in the aquarium.
In nature, this species swims in flocks. You should keep more than 1 Panda Cory fish in your aquarium because a lonely fish is unlikely to live long or will continuously hide in the shade. For four individuals, an aquarium of 10 liters is enough.
Panda Cory Tank Mates
Panda corydoras get along well with all medium-sized fish, as well as with other bottom dwellers.
Therefore, they can be kept with the following types:
They should not be kept with large, noisy, and aggressive fish; For example, they definitely will not get along with African and South American cichlids, as well as Oscar Fish.
Panda Fish Feeding
Panda Cory is omnivorous and eats almost everything that falls to the bottom from the surface of the water. But for this species, the diet must be varied. Catfish are happy to eat live and frozen food. They love bloodworms, shrimp, daphnia, and artemia.
They will not refuse to eat worms, tubules, and. Since this species feeds mainly from the bottom, it is essential to ensure that they have enough food, especially if there are other inhabitants in the aquarium. For catfish, you can buy individual melting tablets and granules.
The panda cory leads to a nocturnal lifestyle. Therefore it is best to feed it in the evening or with the aquarium turned off.
Panda Cory Breeding
Panda Cory fishes quickly reproduce at home, and for this, you need to know only a few key points. First of all, you should prepare a spawning aquarium. The volume for spawning aquarium should be selected depending on how many individuals will spawn, but it should be at least 30 liters. Two males should be kept on one female.
It is not difficult to distinguish a female from a male. If you look at the fish from above, then the females have a more rounded belly, and they are also broader and more significant than the males. The temperature in the spawning should be about 23 degrees or slightly lower.
The main thing is that it does not rise above 25 degrees. At the bottom of the aquarium, you should put Javanese moss or use artificial plants, and you must also install a filter with a sponge.
To stimulate spawning, Panda corydoras should be plentifully fed with live food, as well as doing daily water changes in the aquarium by 70 percent. Moreover, the new water should be taken 2-3 degrees colder than it was in the spawning. This should be done until the fish begins to spawn.
When the female is ready for spawning, she collects milk in her mouth, which the male releases and processes the selected surface with them and then put the eggs there. Typically, catfish attach eggs to the leaves of plants, so their presence in spawning should be mandatory.
Panda Cory Fry
If Panda Cory laid eggs in a typical aquarium, then it should be transferred together with the substrate to a separate incubator. For one spawning, a female can sweep up to 70 eggs.
The whole process lasts several hours, after which the fish need to be removed from the spawning, as they can eat all the caviar.
The eggs themselves are small and have a light yellow color. After spawning, the water temperature should be increased to 26 degrees and add a few drops of methylene blue to it.
This is done so that the fungus does not appear on the caviar. Approximately on the fourth day, fry begins to hatch.
You can feed ciliates or use exceptional dry food for fry. They begin to swim and eat almost immediately, but for them to grow and begin to multiply, at least ten months is required.
Panda Cory rarely gets sick, but similar cases do occur. This usually happens with improper care of the fish. For example, if it often rises to the surface of the water and at the same time opens its mouth wide, then, most likely, the aquarium has poor aeration, and it has been poisoned with nitrogen.
Sometimes on the scales of this fish, you can see small spots and growths. This indicates the presence of fungus or parasites that could get into the water along with living food. Even catfish can be affected by a bacterial infection.
During this disease, red spots usually form on the abdomen. Such a fish should not be kept in a typical aquarium; it must be urgently placed in a different aquarium since the infection can quickly spread to other inhabitants.
It’s not difficult to keep the Panda Corridoras and they look impressive in any aquarium.
Hola! Myself William and I love aquarium fishes! I’m an Aquarium Keeper from the past 5+ years and here to let you know about your favorite fishes 😉 I hope you will enjoy my posts and share with like-minded fish keepers.