Endlers Livebearer – Care, Tank Mates, Breeding & Full Details!

Endlers Livebearer, also known as Poecilia wingei, is an appealing semi-rare freshwater fish, renowned for its manageable care requirements. Their captivating aesthetic allure has led to the creation of a grading system to evaluate their genetic purity among fish enthusiasts.

Interestingly, Endlers Livebearers share the same Poecilia genus as mollies and guppies, suggesting genetic similarities. Despite this genetic parallel, they have been assigned a unique scientific name, primarily for conservation reasons.

Endler’s Livebearers are indigenous to the Laguna de Patos in Venezuela. Owing to their confined distribution, their wild population is at risk.

However, the good news for aquarists is that this species breeds comfortably in captivity, continuing to fascinate fish enthusiasts with their enchanting beauty.

The Endler’s are a vibrant freshwater species, impossible to overlook in any aquarium setting. They offer a beautiful blend of simplicity and brilliance, which endears them to aquarists, irrespective of their experience level.

Understanding the nuances of their care and habitat requirements is integral to successfully maintaining these marvelous creatures.

With this comprehensive guide, we aim to educate you on every aspect of Endler’s Livebearer care.

Quick Stats About Endlers Livebearer

Scientific Name Poecilia wingei
Common Names Endler’s livebearers, Endlers, Endler’s guppy, guppies
Family Poeciliidae
Origin Venezuela
Diet Omnivore
Care Level Easy
Activity Moderate
Lifespan 1-3 years
Temperament Peaceful
Tank Level Middle and top
Minimum Tank Size 10 gallons
Temperature Range 64 ° to 82 °F
Water Hardness 1 – 12 dKH
pH Range 5.5 – 8.0
Filtration/Water Flow Low to moderate
Water Type Freshwater
Breeding Livebearer
Difficulty to Breed Easy
Compatibility Community tanks

Appearance of Endlers Livebearer

Endlers Livebearer is a visual spectacle that stands apart in the aquarium world, featuring an irresistible combination of colors and patterns. Unsurprisingly, these aquatic wonders catch the eye of every fish enthusiast and visitor.

Primarily, male Endlers Livebearers exhibit a dazzling array of colors, boasting metallic and neon hues that seem to create an impressive psychedelic tableau.

Imagine witnessing bright green, fiery orange, sunny yellow, and calming blue shades all in one splendid display.

Males often have transparent fins with color splashes, creating an artistic blend against the base.

This fascinating fish species has several color strains like White Peacock, Yellow Tiger, Emerald Sunburst, Cobra Snake, Chest Peacock, Flame Tail, and Red Stripe.

Conversely, female Endler’s Livebearers are more muted in their color scheme, primarily displaying silver or tan shades and featuring smaller tails.

This difference in color vibrancy helps to easily differentiate between male and female Endler’s Livebearers, adding a beautiful contrast within your aquarium.

Natural Habitat of Endlers Livebearer

To provide optimal care for any species, understanding their natural habitat is key. Endlers Livebearers originate from a unique environment teeming with plant life and algae.

The waters they inhabit are generally warm, with Laguna De Patos being a perfect example. Here, the water is hard with relatively high pH levels. This habitat’s unique composition and the presence of algae contribute to the distinct conditions that Endler’s Livebearers thrive in.

In captivity, incorporating elements of their natural habitat is paramount for their well-being.

Adding live plants in the tank mimics their natural environment, serving dual purposes of providing food and shelter. During spawning, these plants offer a safe haven for the fry.

Origin and Distribution of Endlers Livebearer

Endlers Livebearers are an intriguing species, owing much of their fascination to their origin and distribution. Belonging to the Poecilia genus, like mollies and guppies, these creatures are found exclusively in the Laguna de Patos, Venezuela.

While they share genetic similarities with common guppies, Endlers Livebearers have been granted their unique scientific name primarily for conservation purposes.

Their restricted distribution means their wild population is under threat, a concern actively addressed by the aquarist community.

Interestingly, despite the restricted wild distribution, Endlers Livebearers are adaptable and thrive in captivity.

They continue to breed and multiply, enabling aquarists worldwide to appreciate their stunning beauty.

Growth, Size & Lifespan of Endlers Livebearer

With an average size of 1.8 inches when fully grown, Endlers Livebearers might be small in size, but they are high on appeal. Females can often outgrow the males, sometimes reaching up to two inches or more, adding to the species’ diverse appeal within the same tank.

In terms of lifespan, an Endlers Livebearer typically lives between two and three years. Notably, the constant spawning can cause females to have a slightly shorter lifespan due to the physical strain.

However, several factors can influence their lifespan, including their genetic predisposition and the quality of care provided.

In conclusion, understanding the unique attributes of Endlers Livebearers – from their eye-catching appearance to their natural habitat, fascinating origin, and growth patterns – can significantly enhance your experience as an aquarist.

By mimicking their natural environment and providing optimal care, you can ensure a thriving, vibrant aquarium teeming with these spectacular freshwater gems.

Behavior and Temperament of Endlers Livebearer

Endlers Livebearers are recognized for their active and peaceful temperament, making them an ideal choice for community aquariums. With a curious and friendly nature, these agile swimmers are always on the move, exploring every nook and cranny of their environment.

Males are particularly known for their lively displays and courtship dances, showcasing their radiant colors to attract females. Despite their energetic behavior, Endlers Livebearers are non-aggressive and coexist harmoniously with other peaceful tank mates.

Interestingly, Endler’s Livebearers are also surface feeders and breeders. They often hover near the top of the tank, scouting for food or engaging in breeding activities, making their presence felt and adding an exciting dynamic to your aquarium.

Ideal Tank Setup for Endlers Livebearers

Creating a conducive environment for Endlers Livebearers is instrumental in ensuring their health and well-being.

Here, we’ll explore how to craft the perfect home for these vibrant fish, starting from tank size to feeding routines.

Tank Size

Endlers Livebearers, despite their small size, need ample space to swim and thrive. A minimum tank size of 10 gallons is recommended for these active swimmers.

However, for every additional male, it’s wise to add an extra 3-5 gallons to maintain a harmonious living environment.


When it comes to substrate, Endlers Livebearers aren’t overly fussy. However, a darker substrate can help their colors pop, adding to the visual appeal of your tank.

Gravel or sandy substrates work equally well, with the latter being particularly suitable if you have bottom dwellers as tank mates.

Decorations and Hiding Spots

Recreating their natural habitat in your tank helps Endlers Livebearers feel more at home. Incorporate live plants, driftwood, rocks, and caves to provide hiding spots and breeding grounds.

Plants like Java moss or Anubias are excellent choices that also help improve water quality.

Water Parameters

Endlers Livebearers thrive in warm, alkaline water. Maintain a temperature between 75-80°F (24-27°C) and a pH level between 7.0 and 8.5.

Water hardness should be between 10-25 dGH. Regular water changes and testing are essential to keep these parameters stable.

Filtration and Aeration

A good quality filter is crucial for removing waste and maintaining water quality.

Additionally, a gentle air stone can promote aeration, mimicking the slight water movement found in their natural habitat.


Endlers Livebearers don’t require specific lighting conditions and are quite adaptable.

Nevertheless, a moderate level of lighting not only encourages plant growth but also showcases the splendid colors of these vibrant fish.

Tank Mates

Endlers Livebearers coexist peacefully with other non-aggressive species. Suitable tank mates include Corydoras, small Tetras, and non-predatory invertebrates like shrimps and snails.

However, avoid combining them with larger, aggressive fish that may see them as food.


Endlers Livebearers are omnivores and accept a varied diet. They thrive on high-quality flake food, brine shrimp, daphnia, and vegetable matter.

Regular feeding, ideally two to three times daily in small amounts they can consume within a few minutes, keeps them healthy and content.

Recreating the ideal environment for Endlers Livebearers can enhance their longevity and vibrancy.

By understanding their behavior, needs, and preferences, you can create an aquarium setup that not only ensures their well-being but also offers you a captivating, colorful underwater world to enjoy.

Tank Maintenance for Endlers Livebearer

Maintaining a clean, safe, and healthy environment is crucial for the well-being of your Endlers Livebearers.

Here, we delve into the specifics of tank maintenance, covering everything from regular water changes to monitoring the health of your finned friends.

Regular Water Changes

Water changes are fundamental to maintaining a balanced aquarium ecosystem. Aim to replace about 25-30% of the tank’s water every week.

This will help maintain optimal water parameters, reduce harmful pollutants, and provide a healthy environment for your Endlers Livebearers.

When changing the water, make sure the new water matches the temperature and pH level of the existing tank water.

Sudden changes can stress your fish, leading to health issues.

Cleaning the Tank and Decorations

Besides water changes, periodic cleaning of the tank and decorations is necessary to prevent the buildup of algae and harmful bacteria.

Clean the walls of the aquarium using an algae scraper or pad. When cleaning decorations, avoid harsh detergents or chemicals.

Instead, use warm water and a soft brush to gently remove algae or grime.

Live plants can be kept clean by trimming dead leaves and maintaining appropriate lighting and nutrient levels to deter algae growth.

Filter Maintenance

Regular filter maintenance is key to ensuring efficient waste removal and optimal water quality. Cleaning the filter every month will keep it running smoothly.

When cleaning the filter, use water from the tank instead of tap water.

The beneficial bacteria living in the filter media, crucial for nitrogen cycling, can be harmed by the chlorine in tap water.

Remember to replace filter media as per manufacturer’s guidelines. However, avoid changing all media at once, as it could disrupt the beneficial bacterial colonies.

Monitor Fish Health

Observing your Endlers Livebearers daily can help you spot any signs of illness early. Look for changes in their behavior, eating habits, or physical appearance.

If you notice anything unusual, like rapid breathing, loss of color, or unusual swimming patterns, it may be a sign of stress or disease.

In conclusion, regular tank maintenance goes a long way in ensuring the health and happiness of your Endlers Livebearers.

A well-maintained tank not only provides a conducive environment for your fish but also makes for an eye-catching spectacle in your home.

Acclimating Endlers Livebearer

When introducing Endlers Livebearers to a new aquarium, it’s crucial to take steps to acclimate them properly.

This gradual process allows your fish to adjust to their new environment without enduring sudden, potentially harmful changes in water conditions.

Start by floating the bag with the new fish in the tank for about 15-20 minutes. This helps equalize the water temperature between the bag and the tank.

Next, slowly add small amounts of tank water into the bag every five minutes for about an hour. This process helps the fish adjust to the pH and other water parameters of your aquarium.

Finally, gently release the fish into the tank using a net. Avoid adding the water from the bag, which may contain unknown elements or pathogens.

Always monitor new fish closely for the first few days to ensure they’re adjusting well and not exhibiting signs of stress or disease.

Feeding Endlers Livebearer and Diet

A balanced diet is key to ensuring the health and vibrancy of your Endlers Livebearers.

These omnivorous fish thrive on a variety of foods, giving you a wide range of options when planning their meals.

Commercial Flake and Pellet Foods

High-quality commercial foods should form the staple of your fish’s diet. These specially formulated foods provide a balanced mix of nutrients necessary for the health of your fish.

Live and Frozen Foods

Incorporating live or frozen foods into your Endlers Livebearers’ diet will provide necessary proteins and help mimic their natural diet. Foods like brine shrimp, daphnia, and bloodworms are all excellent choices.

Fresh Vegetables

Endlers Livebearers will also appreciate occasional offerings of blanched vegetables. Zucchini, spinach, and peas are good options that provide essential vitamins and fiber.

Feeding Frequency and Amount

Endlers Livebearers should be fed 1-2 times per day, with only as much food as they can consume in about 2-3 minutes. Overfeeding can lead to poor water quality and health problems. Remember, dietary variety is key to a healthy Endlers Livebearer.

By offering a mix of commercial foods, live or frozen foods, and vegetables, you’ll help ensure your fish have the nutrients they need to thrive.

Endlers Livebearer Tank Mates

One of the joys of keeping an aquarium is creating a community of diverse and complementary species.

Safe Companions For Endlers:

  1. Neon Tetras: These vibrant fish are peaceful, making them excellent tank mates for Endlers Livebearers. Their contrasting colors also create a stunning visual display.

  2. Dwarf Gouramis: These small, calm fish can comfortably share a tank with your Endlers Livebearers.

  3. Corydoras Catfish: Known for their bottom-dwelling nature, these catfish won’t compete with Endlers Livebearers for space.

  4. Molly Fish: Mollies and Endlers Livebearers have similar environmental needs, making them a natural match.

  5. Cherry Shrimps: These invertebrates live peacefully with Endlers Livebearers and add interesting variety to your tank.

  6. Zebra Danios: Danios are hardy and peaceful, making them an excellent choice for cohabitation.

  7. Harlequin Rasboras: Known for their peaceful nature, Rasboras will get along swimmingly with your Endlers Livebearers.

Tank Mates to Avoid

Just as important as knowing which tank mates to include is understanding which ones to avoid.

  1. Cichlids: Known for their aggressive nature, Cichlids could harm your peaceful Endlers Livebearers.

  2. Betta Fish: The territorial Betta can be aggressive towards Endlers Livebearers, especially males with similar colorful appearances.

  3. Oscar Fish: Oscars are large and predatory, a real threat to your small Endlers Livebearers.

  4. Arowanas: Due to their size and predatory nature, Arowanas are unsuitable tank mates.

  5. Red Tail Sharks: These fish can be territorial and aggressive, posing a risk to your Endlers Livebearers.

Breeding Endlers Livebearers and Fry Care

Breeding Endlers Livebearers can be a rewarding experience for aquarium hobbyists.

Here’s how to facilitate the process and care for the young fry:

Setting the Stage for Breeding

  1. Tank Setup: Provide plenty of plant cover for females and fry to hide. This protects them from potential harassment by the males and gives the fry a safe place to grow.

  2. Feeding: A high-quality diet with live foods can promote breeding behavior. Nutritious meals support the health of the fish and their offspring.

Recognizing Breeding Behavior and Gestation

Males will court females by displaying their vibrant colors and patterns. Once the female is pregnant, she’ll carry the eggs for about 23 to 26 days before giving birth to live young.

Fry Care

  1. Protection: Keep the fry separate from larger fish, including adult Endlers Livebearers, to protect them.

  2. Feeding: Feed the fry several times a day with foods small enough for them to eat, like crushed flakes, infusoria, or commercially prepared fry food.

  3. Water Quality: Maintain high water quality. Regular water changes are vital to remove waste and promote healthy growth.

With careful attention and the right environment, your Endlers Livebearers will breed successfully, and their fry will grow into healthy, vibrant adults.

Signs of Stress in Endlers Livebearers

Stress can be detrimental to your Endlers Livebearers, affecting their health and longevity.

Here are a few signs to watch out for:

  1. Change in Color: If your Endlers Livebearer starts to lose its vibrant color, it may be a sign of stress.

  2. Loss of Appetite: Not eating or showing less interest in food can be a symptom of stress.

  3. Erratic Swimming: Look out for erratic swimming patterns or hiding in corners.

  4. Rapid Breathing: More rapid or labored breathing can be another sign of stress in these fish.

Common Health Issues and Treatments for Endlers Livebearers

Like all fish species, Endlers Livebearers can be susceptible to certain health issues.

  1. Fin Rot: This condition can be recognized by frayed or decaying fins. It can be treated with over-the-counter antibiotics and improved water quality.

  2. Ich: This common parasitic disease can cause white spots and erratic swimming. Medications and temperature adjustment can help treat Ich.

  3. Fungal Infections: Look out for cotton-like growths on the fish. These can be treated with antifungal medications.

Remember to isolate sick fish to prevent the spread of diseases in your tank. Always consult a vet or aquatics expert if you’re unsure.

Additional Tips for a Healthy Aquarium

Maintaining a healthy aquarium is key for the wellbeing of your Endlers Livebearers.

  1. Water Quality: Keep your water parameters stable and carry out regular water changes.

  2. Clean Tank: Regularly clean the tank and decorations to keep harmful bacteria at bay.

  3. Balanced Diet: Feed a balanced, high-quality diet to maintain fish health.

  4. Monitor Behavior: Keep an eye on your fish’s behavior. Early detection of changes can help prevent diseases and stress.

Should You Get an Endlers Livebearer for Your Aquarium?

Endlers Livebearers can be a brilliant addition to your aquarium. They’re vibrant, peaceful, and fairly easy to care for, making them suitable for both beginners and experienced hobbyists.

However, as with any pet, it’s important to understand their needs and ensure you can provide the right environment and care.

If you can offer a stable tank with appropriate water parameters and tank mates, Endlers Livebearers can be a joyful and colorful addition to your aquarium community.

Conservation Status

As of my knowledge, Endlers are not classified under any specific risk category on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.

This species is, however, native to a limited geographic area in Venezuela, and environmental changes could potentially affect local populations.

Availability & Pricing

Endlers Livebearers are widely available in pet stores and through online retailers specializing in aquarium fish. They are popular due to their bright colors and peaceful temperament.

As for pricing, they are generally affordable, although prices can vary depending on factors like the fish’s age, size, and coloration.

Expect to pay anywhere from a few dollars for a single fish to more for trios or larger groups.

Frequently Asked Questions About Endlers Livebearer

Q1: How big do Endlers Livebearers get?

A1: Males can grow up to 1.8 cm, while females can reach sizes of up to 3.2 cm.

Q2: How long do Endlers Livebearers live?

A2: With proper care, these fish can live for 2 to 3 years.

Q3: What do Endlers Livebearers eat?

A3: They are omnivores and enjoy a varied diet that includes both plant-based foods and proteins.

Q4: Can Endlers Livebearers live with other fish?

A4: Yes, they are generally peaceful and can coexist with other small, non-aggressive fish species.

Q5: How often should I feed my Endlers Livebearers?

A5: Feeding them once or twice a day is sufficient. Remember, the key is to feed them what they can consume in 2-3 minutes to avoid overfeeding.


Endlers Livebearers are an excellent choice for hobbyists seeking a vibrant, active, and relatively easy-to-care-for addition to their freshwater aquarium. Their brilliant colors and dynamic behavior can bring life and movement to any tank.

Just remember to provide them with the proper environment, diet, and care they require, and these stunning creatures will thrive, adding joy and color to your underwater world.

With Endlers Livebearers, the aquarium becomes more than a hobby – it transforms into a vibrant, living piece of art.